“All disease begins in the gut,” Hippocrates (the father of modern medicine, Greek Physician 460 – c. 370 BC).
Molecular biologist Dr. Joshua Lederberg defined the Gut Microbiome as “the totality of microorganisms, bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi, and their collective genetic material present in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).”
These microbiota or microbes coexist in harmony in a healthy person, allowing the gut microbiome to play many different bodily functions that affect weight, immune function, moods, and overall health.
Each person’s gut microbiome is unique. We are born into this world with a distinctive network of microbiota that evolves throughout life by environmental exposures we encounter, and lifestyle choices we make.
Gut bacteria have a huge impact on our well-being. The gut contains trillions of bacteria, some of which are good, and some bad.
Good bacteria such as Akkermansia, Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli, aid in digestion and absorption of nutrients, make vitamins and prevent bad bacteria from causing infections.
Bad bacteria such as Clostridium perfringens, Staphylococcus, and Escherichia coli, trigger disease and promote aging. Diseases such as Chron’s disease, Ulcerative Coltisis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and many more, can all be caused by these bacteria.
An increase in harmful bacteria has also contributed to a higher body mass index.
A diet high in sugar and in fat will negatively affect gut bacteria and increase the risk of disease, and dysfunction.
Prebiotics and Probiotics
Prebiotics and Probiotics can help benefit and even restore your digestive health.
By purchasing the "FitBit - Prebiotics, Probiotics, and the Gut Microbiome," you will receive the complete FitBit article and FitBit Exam in your IFPA Course Library. This FitBit is worth 1 CEU (Continuing Education Unit).